Legendary Routes of the Secret History
Great Chinggis Khaan’s history was deeply related to Khentii province and banks of Onon River. After Chinggis Khaan’s death Mongol’s first literature testimonial “The Secret History of the Mongols” was written in 1240 A.D near Huduu Aral.
Temujin was born in 1162 in a Mongol tribe Deluun Boldog Mountain and the Onon river in a modern-day Mongolia. The Secret History of the Mongols reports that Temujin was born with blood clot grasped in his fist, a traditional sign that he was destined to become a great leader. Temujin’s childhood and early life was spent near Onon river and Kherlen river. As previously arranged by his father, Temujin married Borte when he was around 16 in order to strengthen alliances between their respective tribes. As a result by 1206 Temujin had manages to unite or subdue the Merkits, Naimans, Mongols, Keriats, Tatars, Uyghurs and disparate other smaller tribes under his rule. It was a monumental feat for the “Mongols” (as they became united). At a Khuraltai, a council of Mongol chiefs, Temujin was acknowledged as “Khan” of the consolidated tribes and took a new title, Chinggis Khan. In 1227, after defeating the Tangut people, Chinggis Khaan died (according to The Secret History of Mongols). The reason for his death is uncertain and speculations vary. Some historians claim that he fell off his horse during a horseback pursuit, other claim that he passed away due to battle wounds and physical fatigue. Chinggis Khaan asked to be buries without markings, according to the customs of his tribe. After he died, his body was returned to Mongolia and presumably to his birthplace in Khentii province, where many assume he is buried somewhere close to Onon River and Burkhan Khaldun mountain (part of the Khentii mountain range). According to the legend, the funeral escorts killed anyone and anything across their path to conceal the secrets of the Khaan’s last resting place.
Nowadays, many researchers, historians, and archeologists are undertaking expeditions to locate the lost tomb of one of the world's greatest and most ruthless emperors, Chinggis Khaan. Yet, Chinggis Khaan’s tomb is still a big mystery for the World. Juulchin Tourism Corporation of Mongolia is planning a join-in-tour “The Legendary Routes of the Secret History”. Join our tour and uncover the stories, legends, and history of Mongols.
Region: Khentii Province
Interesting sites: Khukh Nuur, Dadal, Khuduu Aral
Length of tours: 7 nights, 8 days
Hotel: By choice
Tourist camp: Modern ger camps with hot showers
Transportation: Tourist Exclusive Vehicle
Guide: English speaking guide during the tour /other languages as requested
Day 1. Ulaanbaatar
Arrival in Ulaanbaatar. You will be greeted by your guide and transferred to a hotel. Half and full day tours are available. Overnight in the hotel.
Day 2. Lake Khukh Nuur
After an early breakfast drive to Khukh Nuur, 215 km from Ulaanbaatar. Have a lunch and camp in Khukh Nuur tourist camp which is located near Khukh Nuur. Khukh Nuur is known as the location where Temujin was titled as Great Chinggis Khaan. Many researchers claim that Chinggis Khaan is buried in this area also. After lunch visit the lake and explore Khar Zurkhen Mountain. A historian would give a speech about Chinggis Khaan’s life, which is specific to this area. Afterwards visit the mineral spring and create your own nameplate by the lake to remember this tour meant for you. In the evening visit a nomadic family and experience their unique lifestyle. Dinner and overnight in a ger camp. (B/L/D)
Day 3. Dadal
In the morning drive to Chinggis Khaan’s birthplace, Dadal, 290km away from Khukh Nuur. The journey will follow the banks of Onon river. Prepare your cameras and catch the photo opportunities along the way. Arrive in a ger camp, which is close to Chinggisiin Gurvan Nuur Lake. Dinner and overnight in the ger camp. (B/L/D)
Day 4. Dadal
Explore the birthplace of Chinggis Khaan, Deluun Boldog and Lake Chinggisiin Gurvan Nuur. A historian will take you on a journey to Chinggis Khan’s period. Afterwards, visit the Chinggis Khaan’s Monument. In the afternoon visit a Buriad family and experience uniqueness of this ethnic group. Dinner and overnight in the ger camp. (B/L/D)
Day 5. Undurkhaan
Drive to the center of Khentii province, Undurkhaan, 260 km from Dadal. In the afternoon enjoy horseback riding in the steppes. Dinner and overnight in a ger camp. (B/L/D)
Day 6. Khuduu Aral
Drive to Khuduu Aral, 135 km from Undurkhaan. Khuduu Aral is the place where the “Secret History Mongols” was written in 1240. In the area archeologists found the ruins of ancient city Aurag. After lunch, explore the Chinggis Khaan’s monument and the ruins of Aurag city. It is believed that Chinggis Khaan used to drink from the natural mineral springs near the ruins. Dinner and overnight in a ger camp. (B/L/D)
Day 7. Ulaanbaatar
Drive back to Ulaanbaatar for 152 km. On the way visit Chinggis Khaan Statue Complex and have a lunch in the Complex. Transfer to your hotel after arrival in Ulaanbaatar. In the evening watch a Mongolian traditional folklore concert. Dinner in a restaurant. Stay overnight at the hotel. (B/L/D)
Day 8. Departure
After breakfast you will be transferred to the airport or railway station for an international departure. (B)
Package price (does not include hotel accommodation in Ulaanbaatar)
- Minimum – 3pax
- Maximum – 15pax
Single supplement in ger camps
- Single occupancy in the ger camps; 125 € per person in total
- Child aged 2-5 years old 50% off package price
- Child aged 6-12 years old 25% off package price
Package price includes
- Transfers on arrival and departure
- English speaking guide at all time
- Historian specialist
- In the country side all lodging will be in ger camps.
- All meals are provided as stated in the itinerary.
- Ground transportation: in the country side by a chauffeured 4WD jeep, bus in the city area.
- Park Entrance Fees
- Sightseeing as per itinerary
- 1 liter of drinking water per day per person
Package price DOES NOT INCLUDE
Accommodation in a hotel or hostel in Ulaanbaatar, hotel extras, such as telephone calls, bar bills and laundry services, travel insurance, medical insurance, fee for visa obtaining, alcoholic beverages, personal expenses such as IDD call, internet, laundry, items of a personal nature, gratuity to local guides and drivers, airfare or train ticket, airport taxes, excess baggage charges (over 44pound / 20kilo), changes of arrival/departure flights, additional services, any charges of major force beyond of our control (e.g. imposition, quarantine restrictions, etc...); optional excursions unless stated in your itinerary, etc…
1. Lake Khukh Nuur
Although sources are disagreed, it is possible that Temujin (Chinggis Khaan) was made king in the area in 1206, near the Khukh Nuur. Most locals agree on the latter. There is a small silver plaque featuring the image of Chinggis at Khukh Nuur. Khangil Nuur, about 30 km further west, is another site associated with Chinggis, it is believed he occasionally sit his camp here. Researchers have also found stone slab tombs within this area. Try looking at Melzelei Mount, which has also a group of tombs from Middle Kherlen.
2. Dadal, Deluun Boldog
Dadal is legendary birthplace of Chinggis Khaan. Because its natural setting and association with Chinggis Khaan, Dadal is a destination for tourists. There is a monument decorated Chinggis Khaan’s portrait bank of Gurvan Nuur (Three Lakes). Dedicated on May 31, 1962, it celebrates the 800th anniversary of his birth. Besides of the portrait is written Chinggis Khaan’s famous speech that reads, “If my body dies, let my body die, but do not let my country die”. Near the Lake there is a place called Deluun Boldog where the Chinggis Khaan was born.
3. Huduu Aral, Aurag
Huduu Aral is one of the most important places in the life of Chinggis Khaan. “The Secret History of Mongolia”, the only historical document on Chinggis Khaan’s life and wars, was completed here in 1240. In honor of the event, a stone monument of the Great Chinggis Khaan was erected here in 1990. Here that the three Great Khaans, Ogodoi, Munkh, YesenTemur, were crowned.
Aurag is ruins of the Aurag Palace, built by Chinggis Khaan, known as the Chinggis Khaan’s winter Palace. Aurag is founded in 1189, is the oldest Mongol population centre and, like Karakorum, was first used as a supply base for the Mongol Army.
4. Chinggis Khaan statue complex
Chinggis Khaan Statue Complex is located 53 km east from Ulaanbaatar at Erdene County of Central province, there is a place called “Tsonjin Boldog”, memorial place with historic events. The statue in total is 40 m high from surface erected at about 10 m high foundation and surrounded by columns. Far sighted Chinggis Khaan holds a golden whip in his right hand. The visitors will be walk to the head of the horse through chest and back neck of the horse, where they can have farseeing and good panorama view over the complex area.
The Mongolian Ger
The only hotels in Mongolia are in the capital, Ulaanbaatar. Throughout the countryside accommodation is offered in the form of traditional Mongolian ‘gers.’ These ger camps are slightly modified for foreign tourists but in effect offer a traditional experience and the opportunity to experience Mongolia’s wilderness. Most ger camps are situated in attractive areas: on the shores of small rivers, nestled under rocky hills or on vast open plains and all under amazing night skies.
The gers are made from wooden frames with layers of canvas and felt. Interior wood is usually carved or brightly painted and they are equipped with 2 beds and a small table and stools. There is a central stove for wood-fire heating at night. Communal bathroom facilities are in basic but clean blocks nearby and with hot water (an impressive feat in the middle of the Gobi desert!). There are also restaurants and bars in a separate concrete building, or sometimes in large gers.
Whilst visiting Mongolia is hugely rewarding, it is a wilderness destination and the accommodation is basic. Juulchin Tourism Corporation uses the best gers available in each area and the itinerary above has been put together to enable stays in the best camps at the most attractive locations.
A class Hotel in Ulaanbaatar
Kempinski Khan Palace Hotel http://www.kempinski.com/en/ulaanbaatar/Pages/Welcome.aspx
Chinggis Khaan Hotel http://www.chinggis-hotel.com/
C class Hotel in Ulaanbaatar
Evergreen Hotel http://evergreen.mn/